“But start modestly, with the little things that bother you. Did your child knock something down? Have you put down your wallet? Say to yourself: “To face these inconveniences is the price to pay for my inner serenity, for the freedom of disturbances; It`s not for nothing that you get something. As we have seen, only virtue is good and worthy of choice, and only its opposite, vice, is evil and according to a stoic ethic to be avoided. The vast majority of people don`t understand. Ordinary people usually and misem different objects and events as good and bad, which are actually indifferent. The disposition to render a judgment disobeyed to reason is the mental disorder that the Stoics called passion (pathos). As passion is an impulse (a movement of the soul) that is excessive and contrary to reason, it is irrational and contrary to nature. The four general types of passion are stress, anxiety, appetite and pleasure. Distress and pleasure refer to current objects, fear and appetite for future objects. The table below illustrates their relationships. This ultimate goal is, according to the Stoics, the realization of a virtuous life (itself defined as a life of reason). This is the “how” of the “what” mentioned above. In the search for the extremities of a flourishing life, Stoicism teaches us that we are solely responsible for the means with which we pursue them. We are naturally destined to seek the things we need to live, and we have the choice, by nature, to grow and transform as any human being is “intentional,” or to work against this innate potential.

Whether or not we fully express our “human nature” depends on our choices alone. The stoic expression of “living according to nature” is therefore in fact a combination of points: “Live according to nature” actually means “live a virtuous life, for that is what you are destined for. The ability to do this exists in you, but you ultimately have the choice to express it or not. “Desire and aversion, while powerful, are only habits. And we can train ourselves to have better habits. Keep the habit of being pushed away by all the things that are not under your control, and instead focus on fighting against things that are not good for you. “Instead of turning your eyes away from the painful events of life, look directly at them and look at them often. By taking the realities of death, infirmity, loss and disappointment, you free yourself from illusions and false hopes and avoid miserable and jealous thoughts. The stoic goal of living in harmony with nature sounds good, but it is often confusing. What exactly did the Stoics say? Michel Daw, who blogs at Living the Stoic Life, wonders about this question. Your interpretation is correct. I was a classic major in college, and I think your way of dealing with Physis and Arete is very fair.

I am becoming a Stoic after all these years. Greek philosophy has always amazed me. Especially pre-Democratic stuff. I appreciate your contribution and I will register. It is a grace. We can distinguish ourselves and live virtuously by understanding our limitations and focusing on what is in our control, sticking to philosophy as a way of life, committing ourselves to seeking the truth every day, and in every moment we always aspire to act virtuously – especially in adversity, accept death as part of life and treat it every day as a gift.