The Parties shall respect, protect and promote the full scope of human rights, including civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights. The implementation of this commitment shall take due account of the respective political principles and circumstances of the Parties. This agreement must respond to the needs arising from the concrete conditions of the Filipino people with regard to violations of human rights and the principles of international humanitarian law and find principled ways to bring justice to all victims of such violations. The resumption of peace talks between the Philippine government and the KPP/NPA/NDF in Oslo, Norway in April and June 2001 notably implemented the modality for the implementation of the CHR-HVR. The important issue of this modality of implementation is the political authority that will implement the principles of human rights and international humanitarian law. According to the Philippine government, since sovereignty is indivisible, it is the only Philippine government that has the exclusive power to implement the entire HVR caHR, including the power to stop, prosecute, attempt and impose sanctions against human rights violations. The CPP/NPA/NDF claims otherwise. The CPP/NPA/NDF argues that it has its own legal and judicial system and is well in a good capacity to exercise its power to stop, prosecute, attempt and punish human rights violations. The debate is raging and negotiations are continuing. Once the issue of modality and political authority is resolved during the resumption of peace talks, there will be no stop for the full implementation of the CAHR-IHL, which will go a long way in promoting and improving a climate of peace in the Philippines.

The right of victims and their families to repeat human rights violations and impunity is a relevant and timely right in the context of the CHR-HVR. Its timeliness came when former Yugoslav leader Slobodan Milosevic was first arrested and imprisoned in Serbia and then handed over to the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) in The Hague in the last week of June 2001. The arrest and trial of Slobodan Milosevic show the growing international disgust for impunity. Kenneth Roth of Human Rights Watch said the Slobodan Milosevic case was an important opportunity for his victims, who have a modicum of justice.